After inserting a picture in your slide, you should first consider if the picture you have used complements the message of your presentation and slide. Even if it is relevant, you should consider making it more pertinent by removing the areas that may be not required. In other words, you must ponder and decide whether you want to use PowerPoint's Crop options. Cropping an area removes extraneous areas, and lets you add focus to the areas of the picture that are appropriate to the topic of your presentation.
For example, the picture on the left side in Figure 1 below, shows a businesswoman with several of her colleagues blurred into the background. Cropping the same picture in the sample on the right focuses attention solely on her, and creates a more powerful visual. In some scenarios, the picture on the left may be more suited, but in most cases, you will want to use the picture on the right.
Figure 1: Picture cropped to focus attention on a particular element (Picture from Office.com)
The Crop tool lets you achieve these edits and more. Cropping works with both pictures that are inserted on slides, or with pictures that constitute a shape fill.
Follow these steps to explore more in PowerPoint 2010 for Windows:
- We are assuming you already have a picture inserted on your slide, or a shape filled with a picture. Select the picture to display the Picture Tools Format tab (highlighted in red within Figure 2) of the Ribbon. Activate this contextual tab by clicking on it. Locate the Size group, and click the downward pointing arrow in the Crop button (highlighted in blue within Figure 2).
Figure 2: Crop button within the Picture Tools Format tab
- This opens the Crop drop-down gallery with five crop options, as you can see in Figure 2, above. Let us explore all the five Crop options and their capabilities:
- This basic Crop tool is used to make a simple crop. When you select this tool (which is equal to simply clicking the Crop button within the Size group), dark crop handles appear on the edge of the picture (or on the edge of the shape if you are cropping any picture used as a fill), as shown on Figure 3. Typically, you will see four corner handles and four side handles.
- Now, do one of the following:
- To crop one side of the picture, drag the side handle of that side inward.
- To crop equally on two sides at the same time, press and hold Ctrl key while you drag the side handle on either side inward.
- To crop equally on all four sides at the same time, press and hold Ctrl key while you drag any corner handle inward.
Figure 3: Result of applying Crop option on a picture in a placeholder
- You can also move the picture within the placeholder area to show more important areas of the picture. To do that, place your cursor anywhere in the middle of the placeholder away from the edges so that your cursor changes to a four-headed arrow as shown in Figure 4, below.
Figure 4: Picture repositioned within the content placeholder
- Then press the Enter key or double-click the picture to perform the crop.
- Enables you to change the shape of the picture to a specific shape. When a picture is cropped to a specific shape, it automatically trims to fill the geometry of the shape and picture proportion is maintained. Select the picture or pictures that you want to crop to a specific shape. Learn more about this option in our Crop to Shape tutorial.
- With this option you can crop the picture to a common aspect (the ratio between picture width and picture height) so that it easily fits into a picture frame. Make sure that the picture is still selected. Within the Crop drop-down gallery, select the Aspect Ratio option to bring up a sub-gallery, as shown in Figure 5. Choose any of the Square, Portrait, or Landscape ratios.
Figure 5: Aspect Ratio sub-gallery within the Crop drop-down gallery
- A very common problem occurs when you use a picture fill for a shape; it gets squished down to fit inside the shape, as shown in the example on the left side in Figure 6. Choosing Fill will scale the picture to completely fill the shape while retaining the proportions of the original picture as you can see on the right side in Figure 6. You can later nudge the picture and make a particular area to be seen within the shape. We explain this option in our Reposition Picture Fills with Crop in PowerPoint 2010 tutorial.
Figure 6: Shape with picture fill applied and same shape with Fill crop option applied (Picture from Office.com)
- This option scales the picture so that it fits entirely within the shape, and also maintains the original picture aspect ratio. Figure 7 shows the difference.
Figure 7: Shape with picture fill applied and same shape with Fit crop option applied (Picture from Office.com)
- Save your presentation often.
B. Crop to Shape
C. Aspect Ratio
Pictures - Cropping: Crop Pictures (Glossary Page)