Introducing the Ribbon
The Ribbon is the long strip comprising tabs with buttons across the top of the main window within the PowerPoint interface. Since PowerPoint 2007, the Ribbon has replaced all the menus and toolbars that were found in PowerPoint 2003 and older versions. The Ribbon contains almost all the commands you need to work with your slides, and is designed in a way that helps you quickly find the commands that you need to complete a task. You no longer have to search commands endlessly through many menus and sub-menus.
However, the File Menu still exists, as does a single toolbar called the Quick Access Toolbar. All the other commands are now found in the various tabs of the Ribbon within the interface. The Ribbon has several tabs, each named as you can see in Figure 1.
Figure 1: Ribbon and tabs within the PowerPoint 2013 interface
The Ribbon contains many interface elements that are explained below:
- Tabs: The Ribbon contains fixed tabs such as Home, Insert, Design, etc. Each tab contains sets of tools to create and edit slides. Other than these visible tabs, there is a hidden tab called the Developer tab, you can easily enable this tab.
- Contextual Tabs: These tabs are special tabs within the Ribbon that are not visible all the time, they only make an appearance when you are working with a particular slide object which can be edited using special options. Figure 2 shows the Drawing Tools Format tab (highlighted in red) which is only activated when a shape or another drawing object is selected on the slide.
Figure 2: Drawing Tools Format tab in the Ribbon
- Group: A group of related tools within a tab is known as a Group. Figure 3 shows the Shape Styles group within the Drawing Tools Format tab.
Figure 3: Shape Styles group
- A Gallery is a collection of styles or properties, most galleries can be seen as drop-down galleries as shown in Figure 4. To access the drop-down galleries, you click the More button (explained in next point). Figure 4 shows the Shape Styles gallery, all available styles can be seen as small preview thumbnails.
Figure 4: Shape Styles Gallery
- The More button expands a gallery within a Ribbon tab so that all or more options can be seen. Figure 5 shows you the More button for the Shape Styles gallery (highlighted in red). The two a row buttons above the More button are used to scroll inside the gallery without expanding it (or even after expanding it if the gallery has too many options).
Figure 5: More button
- The Down Arrow is a small downward pointing triangle that's placed next to many buttons, when clicked, this displays a gallery or an additional options/sub-menu related to the selected button, you can see the Down Arrow (highlighted in red) next to the Shape Fill option in Figure 6.
Figure 6: Down Arrow
- Dialog Launcher (as shown in Figure 7) is a small square with an arrow (highlighted in red) in the lower right corner of several Groups within the Ribbon tabs. The figure below shows the dialog launcher of Shape Styles group. As the name explains, a dialog launcher when clicked summons a dialog box with more advanced options.
Figure 7: Dialog Launcher
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Ribbon and Tabs in PowerPoint Online