We have already showed you how to use fills for shapes in
PowerPoint 2016. A fill is something that is contained within the confines of the shape. Similarly, shapes have another attribute known as the
"line" or the "outline". A line is the perimeter surrounding a closed shape or the line itself within an open shape -- we will
explore more about lines later in this tutorial. In subsequent tutorials, we will show how you can work with shape outlines in
For all practical purposes, shape outline attributes in PowerPoint 2016 include:
In this tutorial, we'll explore the basics and thereafter provide links to specific, individual tutorials so that you can get acquainted with more
Let us start by exploring what an outline is -- first of all we are talking about shape outlines here, and not
presentation outlines which has already been covered. Now a shape outline
is either of these two:
- In a closed shape: The perimeter areas of closed shapes, such as rectangles, circles, etc. (shown on the left in
Figure 1, below).
- In an open shape: The line itself for regular line shapes such as straight lines, curves, scribbles, or any other shape that is
not closed (shown on the right in Figure 1, below).
This establishes that formatting of outline options doesn't require a closed area. Figure 1 shows a thick line around both a closed
shape, and an open shape.
Figure 1: Samples of lines (outlines) in closed and open shapes
As far as formatting any outline is concerned, it really doesn't matter if the selected shape is open or closed -- the process to do that is the
same. However, there's one exception to the rule: you cannot add arrowheads to outlines around closed shapes -- that works only with open shapes. Learn
more about Formatting Arrows (Arrowheads) in PowerPoint
Whenever a new shape is inserted in a PowerPoint slide, you can see that it
is filled with a solid color and an outline by
default. Follow these steps to learn about outline format options, such as the color, weight, dash, etc.:
- Launch PowerPoint 2016. You will see the
Presentation Gallery -- here, select the
Blank Presentation to open a blank presentation with a new slide. You can
change the Slide Layout to Blank by selecting
the Home tab | Layout | Blank option.
- Within the Home or Insert tab of the
Ribbon, click the Shapes button to access the
Shapes drop-down gallery that you can see in Figure 2. Select the Line shape (refer to
Figure 2 again) or any other shape if you are using closed shape, and then either drag and draw, or click once on the blank slide to
place an instance of the shape.
Figure 2: Line shape within the Shapes drop-down gallery
- Select the shape so that the Ribbon area now
shows the Drawing Tools Format tab, as shown highlighted in red within Figure 3.
Activate this Ribbon tab by clicking on it.
Figure 3: Drawing Tools Format tab of the Ribbon
The Drawing Tools Format
tab is a Contextual tab. These tabs are special tabs in the
that are not visible all the time -- they only make an appearance when
you are working with a particular slide object which can be edited using special options.
- From the Drawing Tools Format tab, click the right-side portion of the Shape Outline button (highlighted in
red within Figure 4). This brings up the Shape Outline drop-down gallery, as shown in
Figure 4: Shape Outline drop-down gallery
The options within the Shape Outline drop-down gallery are explained below, as marked in Figure 4, above. You'll
need to choose any one of these options for the fill:
- Theme Colors: Here you can select any of the colors which are from the active Theme of the presentation. You can also
select any of the 5 tints or shades for any Theme color. Learn more about Themes here.
- Standard Colors: Here you can choose from any of the ten standard colors -- these ten standard colors are just choices of
colors that PowerPoint believes to be widely used. You don't have to limit yourself to either the Theme colors or Standard colors, as you'll learn in
the next options, although it's a good design idea to use Theme colors as far as possible.
- Recent Colors: Here you can find the colors most recently used. If you have just launched PowerPoint and created a new
presentation, the Recent Colors option may be entirely absent since you haven't selected any color recently!
- No Outline: Choose this option to remove the shape outline altogether from the selected shape. If you have selected a line
(open shape), then choosing the No Outline option will make the line to completely disappear! See our
No Shape Outline in PowerPoint 2016 tutorial to learn
- More Outline Colors: This option is to summon the Colors dialog box as shown in Figure 5. This
dialog box has two tabs: Standard and Custom -- first select the Standard tab (again, refer to
Figure 5: Standard tab within the Colors dialog box
The Standard tab offers 127 colors in a honeycomb style palette, 14 gray shades, black and white. You can even change the transparency
value of the selected color in the Transparency slider below. If you want more color choices, then select the Custom
tab of the same dialog box, as shown in Figure 6.
Figure 6: Custom tab within the Colors dialog box
Within the Custom tab, you can chose any color from the spectrum and later adjust the selected color's luminosity using the slider
on the right. You can even enter specific values of RGB and HSL to create a specific color -- all these combinations provide 16 million color
Again, you can even change the transparency value of the selected color in the Transparency slider below.
Choose any color and click OK to apply it.
- Eyedropper: This is the new option in PowerPoint 2013, the
Eyedropper option enables you to pick an exact color from
anywhere, even from somewhere outside PowerPoint.
- Weight: With this option you can change the thickness attribute of the outline from a hairline width to a chunky, thick line.
Learn more about Formatting Outlines for Shapes
in PowerPoint 2016 for Windows -- Weight.
- Dashes: These are different dash types. Learn more about
Formatting Outlines for Shapes in PowerPoint 2016
for Windows -- Dash.
- Arrows: This option allows you to add arrowheads to one end or both ends of the shape outline. Learn more about
Formatting Arrows (Arrowheads) in PowerPoint 2016 for Windows.
- Gradients (this option does not show in Shape Outline gallery you saw in Figure 4): PowerPoint
2016 also allows you to add gradients to shape outlines. Learn more about
Gradient Outlines in PowerPoint 2016 for Windows.
- Once you apply the outline formatting to a selected shape or line, remember to save your presentation.
Formatting Lines (and Shape Outlines) in PowerPoint 2013 for
Formatting Lines (and Shape Outlines) in PowerPoint 2011
Formatting Outlines for Shapes in PowerPoint 2010 for
Formatting Outlines for Shapes in PowerPoint 2007 for
Formatting Lines (Outlines) for AutoShapes in PowerPoint 2002 and 2003