Product Development Timeline
By: Geetesh Bajaj
Date Created: June 20th 2006
Last Updated: March 2nd 2009
Creating a product-development timeline in PowerPoint is well worth the effort. What exactly is a product development timeline? Simply put, it visually portrays the development process of a product from concept to release -- with all types of research, tests and prototypes somewhere in the middle.
Most of these terms -- concept, prototype, launch -- are classified as tasks. Each task has to be represented within a timeline. Not surprisingly, many tasks can be repetitive, consecutive or simultaneous in nature. Beyond the perspective of a task point of view, real-world considerations also need to be taken into account for product development. Time schedules and the grouping of responsibilities are all prone to continual change. A slide based on such a product-development timeline has to have qualities that make it easy to evolve, edit and expand at any moment.
For designers, the basic timeline visual can be classified as an “info graphic.” And while creating an effective timeline for a presentation can be daunting, it is not impossible.
For this article, I’ll walk through the steps of creating a product-development timeline for Comitu Inc., a fictional pharmaceutical company planning the development and launch of its new drug, SunZome.
To follow the techniques explained here, you can download the sample PowerPoint presentation here... You will need an unzipping utility such as WinZip or Stuff it to extract the archive file.
We begin our creation with a simple, uncluttered PowerPoint template that uses the company’s corporate color scheme, based on green. The company logo is also incorporated into the slide (see Figure1).
|Figure 1: Starting with a clean background is important because a timeline will require a full width view.|
The first thing you need to create is a sense of time. This can be achieved by placing a time bar on the top portion of the slide. To create the time bar, draw a narrow, ruler-style rectangle from edge to edge on the slide. Within this rectangle, draw four vertical lines to create five equal sections -- then type a number, centered, in each of these sections (see Figure 2).
|Figure 2: The segmented bar at the the top of the slide represents time. Dashed lines emanate from this time bar to visually divide the onscreen area.|
If you want to use a nice graduated color fill within the time bar, select the rectangle and from the Format menu, choose AutoShape. In the Format AutoShape dialog box, go to the Colors and Lines tab, click the dropdown menu next to the Color choices and select Fill Effects.
In the Fill Effects dialog box, choose the Gradient tab and opt for a two-color fill. Choose your colors (our sample has chrome yellow with sap green) and select a diagonal shading style (see Figure 3). Click OK when you are satisfied.
|Figure 3: The Fill Effects window offers a number of shading styles and gradients for AutoShapes.|
From within the Format AutoShape window, return to the Colors and Lines tab, and from the Lines submenu, click the Color dropdown menu. Choose the No Line option for the outlines and click OK.
Just below the time bar and perpendicular to it, create four dashed lines that span most of the slide from top to bottom. From the Draw toolbar, under AutoShapes, choose Lines, then draw your first line. Then under the Format menu choose AutoShape. This returns you to the Format AutoShape window. Go to the line area to adjust color, dash, style and weight to your liking. Be sure to choose a color that’s visible on top of the background, yet not too bright. Once satisfied, click OK
Tip: Once you have formatted your first line, select it with your mouse and then press CTRL + D to duplicate it for as many other lines as you need.
Now you need to create shapes that will represent the actual tasks within the timeline. Use a regular AutoShape for this purpose. For our example, we’ll use the pentagon shape within the Block Arrows section of the AutoShapes menu. Simply choose it and draw a long arrow onscreen. Next use the arrow’s resize handles to size and shape it (look for the white dots). Change the tapered end of the arrow by locating and adjusting the image’s diamond-shape handle (see Figure 4).
|Figure 4: Once you draw a basic AutoShape, you can use its resize handles to adjust its shape and size as needed.|
Once the arrow is properly sized, choose a graduated shaded fill that complements the slide’s colors. Use the same techniques and menus you used to create color in your time bar, even repeating the color options. Be sure to choose the No Line option from the Colors and Lines submenu before clicking OK.
To save time creating and coloring individual AutoShapes, duplicate this first shape (Ctrl + D) as often as necessary and place the copies where they’re needed (see Figure 5).
|Figure 5: By duplicating the original AutoShape multiple times, it’s easy to create various parts of the timeline quickly. You may need to rescale some shapes after placing them.|
Tip: To ensure all the AutoShapes are aligned, you can create guides on your slides as necessary.
Use the Text tool to label each AutoShape. Keep in mind while labeling the shapes that some may require additional scaling. Be sure to scale width-wise, and never height-wise, to maintain design consistency.
As you create the AutoShapes (and their text labels) for the timeline, you may wish to identify several as a group using a larger block. This can be accomplished by adding another AutoShape. In our example, a long, narrow bar visually groups the task arrows above it. (see Figure 6).
|Figure 6: The rectangles provide another layer of grouping, by task, within the timeline.|
These rectangles are created the same way you made the pentagon shape arrows. To save time, create and format the shape you need, then duplicate it, placing each copy so that it roughly creates other groupings.
Once all the elements have been put into place, you can rearrange them to achieve their relative position under the time bar according to the product’s development schedule. (see Figure 7).
|Figure 7: All task elements are in place within the finished timeline.|
The final steps will create and place custom animation on the slide. Usually, it is a good idea to use a simple wipe animation that moves from left to right (the direction of the arrows) in sequence. Using a complex animation (in PowerPoint 97, 98, 2000 and 2001) or an entry-exit animation (in PowerPoint 2002/XP) may spoil the simplicity of the timeline as well as distract your audience. For this example, I have used wipes only -- each AutoShape appears, animated, in sequence. The time bar is animated to appear first, followed by the vertical dashed lines. Finally, all the tasks and their grouping rectangles complete the animation sequence.
And remember, this isn’t the only way to use a timeline. It is possible to adapt this method for historical timelines, progressive project status, event planning, training and any other concept that can evolve within a timeline frame.